Saturday, July 15, 2006

Japan/North Korean/UN

Japan on Sunday hailed the U.N. Security Council's adoption Saturday of a resolution that condemns North Korea's recent missile tests, urging Pyongyang to halt activities related to its ballistic missile program and to reaffirm its missile moratorium
Foreign Minister Aso stressed that the resolution, even without a reference to Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, still remains binding.

A key sticking point in the debate on the resolution was whether it would refer to Chapter 7, which would have paved the way for economic sanctions or military action against Pyongyang over the missile launches.
Commenting on why Japan backed down from its hard-line stance, Senior Vice Foreign Minister Yasuhisa Shiozaki said on a TV Asahi program Sunday morning that there were concerns that referring to Chapter 7 could lead to future military action on North Korea(Kyodo)Sunday July 16


The Charter of the United Nations
The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Article 40
In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in Article 39, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.

Article 41
The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.

Article 42
Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.









"We totally reject the resolution," Pak said immediately after the vote by the 15-member Security Council, adding that the North Korean army would continue missile launch exercises in the future as part of its efforts to bolster its military deterrent.

He also warned that North Korea would have no option but to "take stronger physical actions" should any other country "dare take issue" with the exercises.

Pak's remarks drew a wry response from the US Ambassador John Bolton.

"This has been a historic day," Bolton said. "Not only have we unanimously adopted resolution 1695, but North Korea has set a world record in rejecting it 45 minutes after his adoption."Sun Jul 16, 4:57 AM ET


`I could hardly understand why the North went ahead with the missile tests,'' he was quoted as telling the party leaders. ``But more worrisome is some Japanese leaders' remarks about a pre-emptive attack
Calling the North's behavior ``irrational,'' Roh also called the Japanese reaction ``pigheaded,'' according to the participants. But his comment on the U.S. was later made public: he described it as ``hard to persuade.''

``(America, or Bush) sees the North Korean problems within the concept of good and evil, which makes it even harder for me to persuade,'' he quoted Roh as saying. ``We can't blame the U.S. since it is our ally. But we can't tolerate the Japanese move.''07-16-2006Kore times

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