Sunday, November 26, 2006

The repatriation movement of Koreans after independence

Looks like it’s the guy that wrote this book in 2002.
North Korea - the Devil’s Real Identity

From what molly* and this site says,
He wasn’t a Japanese spy working in NK, but a NK agent who used his Japanese abilities to spy on Japanese technology in China, sell technological info to China, and send the profits to NK. It seems he felt himself in danger of being labeled “not loyal enough to Kim,” and he defected to a Japanese embassy and traded his intelligence on NK for a visa to Japan. He is still a Chinese national, using the fake Chinese ID he used during his days as a NK agent. He is basically angry that the Japanese government is not giving full protection to its collaborators.

The repatriation movement Aoyama is talking about is the one started in the 1958 talks between the Japanese and NK Red Cross. There were motives involved on all sides. The Norks wanted able laborers to rebuild its devastated country. Japan wanted to get rid of the Koreans who were keeping to themselves, living on welfare, and were quickly getting sucked up by the yakuza. The Koreans wanted a way out of poverty, and promises of free education, health care, housing, and equality of the people allured them. Under Kim Il-son’s orders, propaganda of how NK was “paradise on earth” was spread through the Chosun Soren (Society of North Koreans in Japan), and echoed by left-leaning Japanese media like Asahi Shimbun, and intellectuals like Kenzaburo Oe and Goro Terao. The support by a major newspaper seemed to convince many who did not trust the NK or the Japanese government that NK may indeed be paradise. The Japanese Red Cross interviewed each person individually to confirm that the wish to return was his/her own wish and not being forced on the person by other members of the family. The first ship for the repatriation set sail in Dec. 10, 1959. The repatriation continued to 1984, but by then, information of NK not being paradise had spread, and few Koreans were willing to go. There were talks of repatriation to South Korea, but it never happened because SK insisted that Japan pay for the transportation and Japan refused. The repatriated people were placed in labor camps and watched closely as capitalist spies. They were forced to write letters to relatives asking for some money to settle in, and NK used the money to finance their government. In short, they were hostages. Although the letters were censored, some wary Koreans had set up secret codes among the family to relay information before they left for NK, and information of the appalling conditions eventually got out. Asahi seems to have completely forgotten its active role in spreading the propaganda, and in May 18, 2004, wrote an article condemning the Japanese government for “taking part in the repatriation project which was nothing but a Korean deportation policy.”

Socialism gained many followers among Koreans inside and outside the peninsula during the Japanese colonial period. Korean and Japanese socialists collaborated in Japan to oppose the right-wing government, and of course, Korean, Chinese, and Soviet Communists fought together against Japan. After Japan’s surrender, Korean socialists moved swiftly to set up local People’s Committees throughout the entire Korean peninsula; the ones in the South were extinguished by the Rhee government with help from the US.

As Slim noted, only 1/6 of the Zainichi actually immigrated while the rest, who were not blinded by socialist ideals or the propaganda campaign, stayed put in a country that did not accord them full citizenship status. Better a green card holder in Japan than a citizen of the DPRK.Sonagi/Marmot

I have been researching this topic as well. Morris-Suzuki’s article is absolutely correct in its facts and should find sympathy from those of you concerned for human rights in the North. Her succinct work linked above omits other details that should also be known. For example, SCAP sent over a million Koreans to the South in just a few years, but many Zainichi who stayed did so because of postwar laws that severely limited what they could take back on the ships, including the levying of taxes on wealth. SCAP followed Japan’s lead in creating these rules. Zainichi who stayed began lobying for a better deal—that is in part how Chongryun (aka, Chōsen Sōren) was formed.

A better deal from SCAP, the Japanese, or the South never came. All Chongryun members I have interviewed freely admit repatriations were a mistake (after all, their parents stayed), but it also needs to be pointed out that the South lost the propaganda war in many people’s hearts because constantly bad news flowed freely from it, in contrast to the North (one exception below). In effect, Koreans could choose a dictatorship aiming at paradise… or a murder-torturing dictatorship… under foreign “occupation.” Important too is that the North’s Soviet subsidized economy still appeared better the ROK for years. Han Duk Su was certainly Kim Il Sung’s man in Japan, but to reduce Chongryun to a “Fifth Column” overlooks the legitimate battle Koreans have had to fight for human rights in Japan and the Japanese government’s complicity in the repatriation drive. Morris-Suzuki understands this. Most Japanese do not even understand why there are Koreans in Japan and why they just don’t go “home.”

Today the abduction issue is being pushed ad nauseam by the LDP, but few people remember even the Japanese wives of Korean men who were sent off to the DPRK, much less does the public show interest or sympathy in the plight of former “Japanese” stuck in the North. And the propaganda battles of the cold war now seem like… well, a thing of the past. Important in this context: in 1974 “The American Committee for Human Rights of Japanese Wives of North Korean Repatriates” (your guess as to their real funding) published a book titled If I Had Wings Like a Bird (I Would Fly across the Sea): Letters from the Japanese Wives of North Korean Repatriates, apparently translated from Japanese into English. For more on these issues see Okonogi Masao’s book Why Did North Korean Residents in Japan Return Home? (2004 in Japanese); Chang Myŏng Su’s book The Scheme of the Japan Red Cross: Deep into Its North Korean “Repatriation Project” (2003, in Japanese); “Repatriation of Koreans in Japan” Korea Journal, 44/4 (Winter 2004, 60-84, and for the story of one of those who made it back to Japan from North Korea, see Shin Su-Gok’s book Ghastly Lamentations: The Repatriated of My Family to “Paradise” (in Japanese 2003).Ur Onara


molly Said:

November 25, 2006 at 5:45 pm

News : 青山健熙氏のこと
投稿者 trycomp 投稿日時 2006-11-26 4:03:25 (24 ヒット)







(産経新聞 2002/8/3)









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