The caption can be deceiving.
This photograph was utilized by Nationalist China for wartime propaganda. It appears in the Riguan Baohang Shilu 日寇暴行實錄, which was published by the Politburo of the Military Committee of the the Nationalist government in 1938. The caption reads:
The Rape of Nanking by Iris Chang runs this photo with the caption: "The Japanese rounded up thousands of women. Most of them were gang raped or forced into military prostitution." Her photo credit reads "Politburo of Military Committee, Taipei." In a response to criticism of her use of the picture, Chang said:
The real caption of the original source was the following.
The caption of the photo is:.answers.com
A group of women and children of the "Rising Sun" Village returning to the village from work in protection by our soldiers
In evening [villagers] happily return to their houses from white cotton field