Meanwhile, a growing number of college students, lawyers, businessmen and preachers educated abroad are also joining illegal house churches.
According to the rules of China's official church, midweek services are forbidden, as is proselytizing outside of church. But the rules are often bent, depending on the relationship between local officials and church leaders, and some independent-minded churches refuse to attend official meetings or pay official fees.
The well-worn Bailouxia church, tucked away down a small lane in this prosperous city, began as an illegal house church. But the church registered with the local religious authorities, and now displays a cross outside the building.
"Chinese culture just expels everything that doesn't fit with its own culture," he said.
No wonder China comes on strong on Yasukuni, Chinese have no freedom of religion.