Article 14. All of the people are equal under the law and there shall be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed, sex, social status or family origin.
Peers and peerage shall not be recognized.
No privilege shall accompany any award of honor, decoration or any distinction, nor shall any such award be valid beyond the lifetime of the individual who now holds or hereafter may receive it.Constitution
It is generally accepted that the protection of rights and freedoms under the Constitution extends to foreign nationals resident in Japan insofar as the nature of of the given right allows it. .....
Generally, Japanese nationality is a prerequisite to holding public office . Some local governments now allow foreign nationals to be appointed to public office which does not involve the exercise of prerogatory power......
.....The Supreme Court ruled that the Government is allowed to give priority to Japanese nationals in providing social welfare under limited sources.
It should be noted that after the ratification of the Treaty on the Status of Refugees, relevant laws on social security were amended and the requirement of Japanese nationality removed.
pp. 432-433 Japanese Law second edtion Hiroshi Oda, oxford
ryokan-gyou-hou (Hotel Business Law) Article 5.
Hoteliers may not refuse accommodation unless one of the following applies.
1. It is clearly recognized that the guest is infected with contagious disease.
2. The guest is likely to indulge in gambling or illegal or immoral activities.
3. The hotel has no vacancy or such condition as may be stipulated by local government ordinance holds.”
It is absolutely illegal to refuse accommodation because the guest is a foreigner.
If an hotelier does not comply with the law, the government may suspend hotel license, in addition to levying petty fine of 5000 yen.(stereo/japanprobe.com/?p=5874)
Article 3. An employer shall not engage in discriminatory treatment with respect to wages, working hours or other working conditions by reason of the nationality, creed or social status of any worker.
(Principle of Equal Wages for Men and Women)
Article 4. An employer shall not engage in discriminatory treatment of a woman as compared with a man with respect to wages by reason of the worker being a woman.Labour Standards Law,
Article 5.With regard to the recruitment and hiring of workers, employers shall provide women equal opportunity with men.
Assignment, Promotion, and Training
Article 6. With regard to the assignment, promotion, and training of workers, employers shall not discriminate against a woman worker as compared with a man by reason of her being a woman.
Article 7. With regard to loans for housing and other similar fringe benefits as provided by ordinance of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, employers shall not discriminate against a woman worker as compared with a man by reason of her being a woman.
Mandatory Retirement Age, Retirement, and Dismissal
Article 8.With regard to the mandatory retirement age and dismissal of workers, employers shall not discriminate against a woman worker as compared with a man by reason of her being a woman. Law on Securing, Etc. of Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment
男女共同参画社会基本法 Basic Law for a Gender-equal Society
The supremecourt acknowledged that Article 1 of the Constitutionincluded a right not to be forced to have fingerprints taken butdound the fingerprinting under the Aliens' Resistration Law to be sufficiently reasonable and necessary. Page 126
Date of the judgment
Ruling concerning impression of fingerprints
Violation of the Alien Registration Law
Judgment of the Third Petty Bench; dismissed
[The Court of First Instance] Kobe District Court
Court of the Second Instance
Osaka High Court
Summary of the judgment
1. Any person shall have the freedom not to be forced to impress his fingerprints as one of the freedoms in individual private life, and it shall not be permitted according to the purpose of Article 13 of the Constitution for state organs to force people to impress fingerprints without any reasonable ground.
2. Article 14, para. 1 and Article 18, para. 1, item 8 of the Alien Registration Law (before revised by the Law number 75 of 1982) requiring aliens residing in Japan to impress fingerprints shall not violate Article 13 of the Constitution.
Article 13 of the Constitution, Article 14, para. 1 and Article 18, para. 1, item 8 of the Alien Registration Law (before revised by the Law number 75 of 1982)Judgments of the Supreme Court
July 24th, 2009 at 6:31 pm
Wage disparity is hardly peculiar to Japan.
According to the above report, ratio of women’s wage to men’s who do similar work is,
France 50%, Italy 54%, Germany 57%, Japan 59%, UK 62%, US 69%, Canada 71%.
Discrimination against foreigners at workplace is also prohibited by Labor Standards Act. The punishment is 6 months in prison per article 119.
Labor Standards Act
Article 3 An employer shall not engage in discriminatory treatment with respect to wages, working hours or other working conditions by reason of the nationality, creed or social status of any worker.
Japanese Air Law, Article 105, Paragraph 2, clearly states that “no specific passenger or consigner will be unfairly discriminated against
第四十七条 ２ 保護施設は、要保護者の入所又は処遇に当たり、人種、信条、社会的身分又は門地により、差別的又は優先的な取扱いをしてはならない。
第十四条 四 特定の者に対し不当な差別的取扱いをするものでないこと。
第二十条 四 特定の利用者に対して不当な差別的取扱いをするものでないこと。
第十四条 四 特定の者に対し不当な差別的取扱いをするものでないこと。
第二十五条 ３ 一般貨物自動車運送事業者は、特定の荷主に対し、不当な差別的取扱いをしてはならない。
第十九条 ２ 四 特定の者に対して不当な差別的取扱いをするものでないこと。
第二十条 ２ 四 特定の使用者に対し不当な差別的取扱をするものでないこと。
第十四条 ２ 四 特定の者に対して不当な差別的取扱いをするものでないこと。
第十七条 ２ 四 特定の者に対し不当な差別的取扱いをするものでないこと。